What Are the Different Physiotherapy Specializations?

Physiotherapy is a healthcare treatment that intends to improve, maintain, and recover a patient’s mobility, function, and overall well-being. Physical recovery, injury avoidance, and health and fitness are all aided by physiotherapy.

Massage, heat therapy, exercises, electrotherapy, patient education, and counseling for treating an injury, illness, or deformity are all examples of therapeutic techniques. Physiotherapy utilizes clinically established physical methods and an extensive understanding of how the human body functions.

Physiotherapists that are qualified and competent give personalized treatment programs that can assist you in various ways.

Sub-Specialties of Physiotherapy

Neurological Physiotherapy

Neuro physiotherapy focuses on enhancing the function of individuals who have had a physical disability due to neurological diseases. Neurological physiotherapy includes stroke, spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain traumas, multiple sclerosis, sciatic nerve pain, aneurysm, and Parkinson’s disease.

Orthopedic/ Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy

Orthopedic physiotherapists have specialized training and experience in evaluating and treating injuries and conditions involving the skeleton (bones), muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, and complete concussion management Halifax. The primary goal is to reduce pain, promote mobility, and correct skeletal damage. If you have a musculoskeletal problem, you should see a physiotherapist.

Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy

A cardiopulmonary therapist is a specialist who aids patients overcome physical and functional impairment, activity limitations, and participation restrictions caused by impairments of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems’ structures and functions. They are also vital in treating various problems, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery condition, heart failure, and many others.

Pediatric Physiotherapy

Pediatric physiotherapists are specialists in child development, especially movement development. They aid in the recovery from severe injuries and birth abnormalities. As a result, newborns and children will benefit from consulting a pediatric physiatrist.

Being able to move comfortably and successfully is crucial for learning and growth. Physiotherapists use a variety of therapy exercises in children to reinforce the afflicted areas. Movement helps newborns and children investigate their bodies and how they function, and their environment.

Geriatric Physiotherapy

Geriatric physiotherapy covers a broad range of conditions that affect people as they age. Alzheimer’s disease, joint inflammation, balance difficulties, cancer, osteoporosis, hip, and joint replacement, and incontinence are just a few health problems that impact our bodies as we age. Physio Dartmouth therapists instruct the senior on how to limit movements that might aggravate pain and provide gait aids to improve general mobility and reduce pain using various methods and exercises.

Common Physiotherapy Treatment Modalities

Massage Therapy

Physiotherapists incorporate massage therapy Dartmouth to modify and mobilize damaged joints by massaging them with their hands.


This ancient medicine practice inserts fine needles into precise body sites, temporarily relieving pain.

Advanced Wireless Muscle Stimulation

Muscle stimulation is utilized in active muscular therapy to aid overcome muscle imbalances by concentrating on the specific muscle group that is not activating correctly.


This method encourages the body’s natural healing mechanism. A tape is used to raise the skin away from the connective tissue, increasing the space and permitting the lymphatic fluid to flow more efficiently.

ART ® (Active Release Technique) Therapy

ART Therapy is a hands-on, innovative soft tissue therapy that addresses muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, and nerve issues. ART might cure a wide range of problems throughout the body in a brief period – and in many cases, completely.


Physiotherapy is specifically successful in disorders impacting the bones, joints, and soft tissue. According to a research study, physiotherapy enhances rehabilitation and recovery while also helping to prevent additional damage. Your Physiotherapist will discuss what to expect before and after treatment and provide recommendations for normal reactions.

You can begin increasing your exercise level after seeing a Physiotherapist. A little exercise will be advantageous and essential to your therapy in almost all circumstances, improving tissue healing, decreasing pain, and promoting recovery.